The American journal of emergency medicine, vol.50, pp.546-552, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
Introduction: The assessment of disease severity and the prediction of clinical outcomes at early disease stages can contribute to decreased mortality in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study was conducted to develop and validate a multivariable risk prediction model for mortality with using a combination of computed tomography severity score (CT-SS), national early warning score (NEWS), and quick sequential (sepsis-related) organ failure assessment (qSOFA) in COVID-19 patients. Methods: We retrospectively collected medical data from 655 adult COVID-19 patients admitted to our hospital between July and November 2020. Data on demographics, clinical characteristics, and laboratory and radiological findings measured as part of standard care at admission were used to calculate NEWS, qSOFA score, CT-SS, peripheral perfusion index (PPI) and shock index (SI). Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard models were used to predict mortality, which was our primary outcome. The predictive accuracy of distinct scoring systems was evaluated by the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The median age was 50.0 years [333 males (50.8%), 322 females (49.2%)]. Higher NEWS and SI was associated with time-to-death within 90-days, whereas higher age, CT-SS and lower PPI were significantly associated with time-to-death within both 14 days and 90 days in the adjusted Cox regression model. The CT-SS predicted different mortality risk levels within each stratum of NEWS and qSOFA and improved the discrimination of mortality prediction models. Combining CT-SS with NEWS score yielded more accurate 14 days (DBA: -0.048, p = 0.002) and 90 days (DBA: -0.066, p < 0.001) mortality prediction. Conclusion: Combining severity tools such as CT-SS, NEWS and qSOFA improves the accuracy of predicting mortality in patients with COVID-19. Inclusion of these tools in decision strategies might provide early detection of high-risk groups, avoid delayed medical attention, and improve patient outcomes. (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.