Impact of spatial differences on demographic characteristics: A comparative survey in Tuzla River basin


KAHRAMAN S. O. , ÇALIŞKAN V. , AKBULAK C.

2nd International Geography Symposium-Mediterranean Environment, Antalya, Türkiye, 2 - 05 Haziran 2010, cilt.19, ss.406-417 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 19
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.148
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Antalya
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.406-417

Özet

The Tuzla river basin is located on the southern side of the Biga Peninsula and extends in northeast-southwest direction from the Aegean Sea to the western slope of Mt Ida. The aim of this research is to reveal how the demographic structure is shaped and the reasons for migration in different geographical and cultural sections of the basin. Some nine villages, which represented three basins, were selected from 35 villages using the methods of stratified sampling for this study. Some 200 surveys were performed in regard to the household number of each village and at 95% confidence level. According to the survey results, demographic structure of villages and the investigated statistical relation between the form of agriculture and the migration characteristics were determined. In this basin, the demographic structure varies depending on the economic and cultural properties of the population. Population growth rate is low and has been gradually decreasing in this area since 1990. In rural areas of the basin, education of children, the form of agriculture, financial difficulty and traditional lifestyle are the causes of migration. Compared with the other sections of the basin, villagers in the lower basin have not migrated because of appropriate agricultural conditions; however, the demographic structure in the middle and upper sections of the basin has been disturbed. The important attractions for migration in the basin include the district center of Ayvacik, Gulpinar town and the Tuzla Village. Some of these people have migrated to Kucukkuyu town near the basin. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of The 2nd International Geography Symposium-Mediterranean Environment