Tunable Friction Through Stimuli Responsive Hybrid Carbon Microspheres

Oak S., Pashazanusi L., Sengel S. B., Omarova M., Hemstock J. L., He W., ...More

LANGMUIR, vol.35, no.48, pp.15849-15854, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 48
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b01820
  • Journal Name: LANGMUIR
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.15849-15854
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


We explore the use of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm)-grafted carbon microspheres (CM) dispersed in water as a stimulus-responsive lubricant. A critical concentration between 3 and 5 mg/mL of PNIPAm-grafted CM is needed to achieve low friction (coefficient of friction similar to 0.04) at room temperature between borosilicate and silicon surfaces. An increase in the temperature of the system above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) causes the aggregation of PNIPAm-grafted CM which leads to an increase in friction forces. The process is not immediately reversible unless the lubricant is sonicated so as to redisperse the aggregates. This work provides insight into the rolling friction mechanism and demonstrates the importance of particle singlets in achieving effective lubrication through a rolling mechanism.