This study investigates the performance of a sequential pyrite-Fenton and biological process for the treatment of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) containing wastewater using pyrite-Fenton process as a pretreatment stage. Pyrite was tested as a catalyst material in Fenton reaction due to its low cost and high abundance in the environment. All experiments were run in batch mode. The biodegradation experiments were performed under aerobic conditions using glucose as the co-substrate with untreated or Fenton-pretreated 2-CP. Despite the 100% removal of 2-CP in batch pyrite-Fenton reactors, the total organic carbon (TOC) removal only approached 70%, implying the transformation of 2-CP into some chemically stable intermediate reaction by products during pyrite-Fenton oxidation. In systems with no pyrite-Fenton pretreatment, a combined effect of biotic and abiotic processes including biological degradation, sorption, and volatilization played a significant role on 2-CP removal. The pyrite-Fenton pretreatment of 2-CP significantly improved the performance of aerobic biological reactor relative to system with no pyrite-Fenton pretreatment by (1) reducing the toxicity of 2-CP on aerobic microbial cells and (2) enhancing cell growth. Overall, this study shows that pyrite-Fenton pretreatment coupled with aerobic biological degradation could provide a cost-effective solution for the treatment of wastewater containing low-biodegradable toxic compounds such as chlorophenols.