Synthesis and characterization of graft copolymers of melamine: Thermal stability, electrical conductivity, and optical properties


KAYA İ., Yildirim M.

SYNTHETIC METALS, vol.159, pp.1572-1582, 2009 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 159
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2009.04.019
  • Journal Name: SYNTHETIC METALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1572-1582
  • Keywords: Melamine, Polyazomethine, Oligophenol, Graft copolymer, Schiff base oligomer or polymers, Conjugated polymers, Thermal analysis, Differential scanning calorimetry, Conductivity and band gap, OLIGOMER-METAL COMPLEXES, BAND-GAP, OXIDATIVE POLYCONDENSATION, POLYMERS, PHENOL, IMINO

Abstract

in this study, novel three Schiff bases of melamine were synthesized via condensation reaction of melamine with salicylaldehyde, 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde, and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde namely N,N',N '',-tris[(2-hydroxyphenyl)methylene]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine (2-HPMTT), N,N',N ''-tris[(3-hydroxyphenyl) methylene]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine (3-HPMTT), N,N',N ''-tris[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methylene]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine (4-HPMTT), respectively. Then, oligo/polyphenol derivatives of these Schiff bases were obtained by grafting melamine onto oligosalicylaldehyde (OSA), oligo-3-hydroxybenzaldehyde, and oligo-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde that have generate names of poly-N,N',N ''-tris[(2-hydroxyphenyl)methylene]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine (P-2-HPMTT), poly-N, N',N ''-tris[(3-hydroxyphenyl)methylene]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine (P-3-HPMTT), and oligo-N,N',N ''-tris[ (4-hydroxyphenyl)m ethylene]-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine (O-4-HPMTT), respectively. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by FT-IR, UV-vis, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR techniques. The characterization was made by TG-DTA, DSC, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), and solubility tests. Electrical conductivities of the synthesized materials were measured by four-point probe technique using a Keithley 2400 electrometer showing that the synthesized oligo/polyphenols have higher electrical conductivities than the monomeric Schiff bases. Also considerable increases in the conductivities were observed when they were doped with iodine as a doping agent. The order of increase rates of the conductivities were found as follows: 2-HPMTT>P-2-HPMTT>P-3-HPMTT>3-HPMTT>4-HPMTT >P-4-HPMTT Additionally, the optical band gaps (E.) were calculated by using the absorption spectra and found to be 2.78, 2.17, 3.58, 3.30, 4.03, and 2.82 eV for 2-HPMTT, P-2-HPMTT, 3-HPMTT, P-3-HPMTT, 4-HPMTT, and O-4-HPMTT, respectively. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.