The International 2nd Halal and Healthy Food Congress, Int J Health Nutr, Konya, Turkey, 7 - 10 November 2013, vol.4, no.3, pp.62
Conference Paper / Full Text
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated:
Obesity is an important medical condition that characterized by an excessive accumulation of fat in the body. Obesity is related with genetic,
environmental and psychosocial factors as well as metabolic conditions and disorders. Body mass index (BMI) is used to indicate body
fatness. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of obesity in healthy people in Çanakkale province.
A total of 211 healthy individuals (107 female: 104 male) between the ages of 18 to 92 were enrolled to the study. People who had impaired
glucose tolerance, diabetes, psoriasis, and so on were excluded from the study. All participants were aware of the study. Aside the anamnesis,
all data were double check via drug utilization system. Body mass index(BMI) were calculated for all subjects.
The average age were .78 ±19.51(min/max: 18-92) for men and 57.95 ± 20.76 (min/max: 20-86) for women. The frequency of obesity was
11.2% (n=12) for women and 14.4% (n=15) for men Obesity frequency is found 12.8% (n=27) for all cases. The percentages of underweight,
normal, overweight, obese and morbid obese were 1.89%, 51.65%, 32.7%, 12.3%, and 0.47% respectively.
According to a preliminary study report of Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey-2010 that carried out by Ministry of Health (Republic of
Turkey) the obesity prevalence rate 20.5% for men, 41.0% for women and 30.3% among the total study group. The prevalence of obesity in
Çanakkale has less than Turkey average. The main reasons are: selection of healthy individuals as a study group, Mediterranean-type diet and
increased physical activity.
Keywords: Obesity, Mediterrian Diet, Body mass index (BMI), Çanakkale.