Experimental Study of Hydrodynamic Pressures Acting on a Submerged Gate

Smok S., Kızılaslan M. A., Kürümüş A. T., Demirel E.

Teknik Dergi, vol.33, no.4, pp.1-20, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.18400/tekderg.707668
  • Journal Name: Teknik Dergi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-20
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Vortical flow formed by a submerged hydraulic jump may produce significant hydrodynamic lift and drag pressures on a gate beneath the hydraulic jump. In this study, an experimental setup equipped with multi-pressure sensors was used to measure fluctuating impact pressures on the submerged gate for different flow conditions characterized by the inlet Froude number and submergence factor (S). Time-averaged and instantaneous pressure coefficients are evaluated based on simultaneous measurements of wall pressures at multiple locations, including those at the lip and downstream face of the gate. In particular, instantaneous lift pressure coefficients are observed to be independent of the submergence ratio for S > 0.6. It is found that low Froude number flows produce high surface pressure fluctuations and the dominant frequency of pressure fluctuations shifts to higher frequency as the Froude number increases. Pressure measurements for the free hydraulic jump suggest that the power spectra of lift pressure fluctuations are devoid of any significant energy level, whereas the resulting power spectra of the submerged flow exhibits significant energy level in the frequency range of 14-19 Hz. The proposed measurement system can be used for the in situ identification of hydrodynamic pressures acting on the gates in irrigation canals.