Diet Size Preference of Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Larvae Fed on Cross-Linked Protein-Walled Capsules

ÖNAL U., Langdon C.

ZEBRAFISH, vol.13, no.6, pp.556-562, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/zeb.2016.1307
  • Journal Name: ZEBRAFISH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.556-562
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


To optimize diet particle size for ingestion by zebrafish larvae, Danio rerio, a series of diet selection experiments were carried out using two different length classes: 5-day-old, first feeding larvae with a mean standard length (MLs) of 3.8mm and 15-day-old larvae with MLs of 5.2mm. For this purpose, crosslinked protein-walled capsules with five different size classes (20, 21-45, 46-75, 76-106, and 107-212m) were used in selection experiments. A particle size selection model was then developed after accounting for both rate of loss of capsules in the water column and their ingestion by larvae. Results indicated that concentration of larger particles in the water column decreased rapidly and less than 20% of capsules larger than 75m were available for the larvae after 30min. Zebrafish larvae accepted a wide range of particle sizes, but larvae preferred particles much smaller than the maximum size they could ingest. While first feeding larvae preferred 21-45m capsules, 15-day-old larvae preferred capsules in the 47-75m size range. A better understanding of the behavior of small-sized food particles in the water column and their acquisition by fish larvae is important to optimize feeding protocols in successful larvae culture.