Research into socioeconomic characteristics of the population in squatter areas on the slopes of Mt. Uludag (Bursa-Turkey)


Çalışkan V.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, no.19, pp.418-426, 2011 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Title of Journal : Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • Page Numbers: pp.418-426

Abstract

Particularly since the 1950s, Bursa underwent rapid urbanization due to immigration from the Balkans and various settlements in Turkey attracted by intensive industrial activities in the city. This resulted in the growth of squatter areas in some parts of the city. The belt of squatter housing addressed in this study surrounds the city along the slopes of Mount Uludag in the south and is located within and/or around the borders of approximately 10 neighborhoods. The area concerned lies on a line approximately 20 kilometers long from west to east. The neighborhoods in this area constitute the population of the research.

By selected sampling, it was aimed to determine the qualities and socioeconomic characteristics of the population living in various squatter areas to the east and west of the city. Furthermore, the rural and urban origins of the population, and the population's relationship with the country and the city, were evaluated on a neighborhood scale. In addition, the study determined factors that hindered the integration of the population in the sample area with the city and prevented the population concerned from adapting to the processes of urbanity. The data obtained from the sample neighborhoods indicated that there were significant socioeconomic differences on a neighborhood scale. The findings and obtained results constitute an important source for institutions which aim at the adaptation of a squatting population to processes of urbanity. The spatial relationships of the socioeconomic profile in the study area indicate that it is necessary for planners to consider spatial differences when drawing up social development projects.