Patients with Achilles Tendon Rupture Are Prone to Develop Ventricular Arrhythmia


GÜR V., YAPICI F., KÜÇÜK U., SUBAŞI İ. Ö., GÖKGÖZ M. B., KARAKÖSE R., ...More

Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol.12, no.10, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/jcm12103583
  • Journal Name: Journal of Clinical Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Achilles tendon rupture, arrhythmia, electrocardiogram, repair, surgery, ventricular repolarization
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background and Objectives: This study aimed to examine the ventricular repolarization (VR) disturbances of patients operated on for acute spontaneous Achilles tendon ruptures (ATRs), by comparing them with a healthy individual control group. Materials and Methods: Between June 2014 and July 2020, a total of 29 patients (28 males, 1 female; mean age: 40 ± 9.78 years; range, 21–66 years) who presented to the emergency department within the first three weeks of injury, and were diagnosed with acute spontaneous ATRs and treated with an open Krackow suture technique, were retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-two healthy individuals (47 males, 5 females; mean age: 39 ± 11.45 years; range, 21–66 years) were recruited as a control group from the cardiology outpatient clinic. Clinical data (demographic features and laboratory parameters (serum glucose, creatinine, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, and lipid profile)) and electrocardiograms (ECGs) were collected from medical records. ECGs were evaluated for heart rate and VR parameters of QRS width, QTc interval, cQTd interval, Tp-e interval, and Tp-e/QT ratio. The clinical data and these ECG parameters were compared between groups. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between groups, regarding clinical data (all p < 0.05). Among ECG parameters, heart rate, QRS width, QTc interval, and cQTd interval were similar between groups (all p < 0.05). There were two important statistically significant findings of this research: The mean Tp-e interval was longer (ATR group: 72.4 ± 24.7, control group: 58.8 ± 14.5, p: 0.01), and the Tp-e/QT ratio was higher (ATR group: 0.2 ± 0.1, control group: 0.16 ± 0.4, p: 0.027) in the ATR group. Conclusions: According to the ventricular repolarization disturbances found in this study, patients with ATR may be at a higher risk of ventricular arrhythmia than healthy people. As a result, ATR patients should be assessed for ventricular arrhythmia risk by an expert cardiologist.