In this study, the effects of main cutting parameters and the effects of work piece hardness and tool hardness on tool life and tool wear have been investigated in the machining of non-heat treated and spheroidized AISI52100 bearing steel by different cutting tools. Three types of cutting tools were used for the present work. These were mixed alumina ceramic with an Al2O3 (70%) + TiC (30%) matrix, PVD-TiN coated mixed ceramic with a matrix of Al2O3 (70%) + TiC (30%) and CVD Ti(C, N) + Al2O3+Ti(C, N) + TiN coated carbide tools. Machining tests were carried out under dry condition. Taguchi experimental design technique was used and L-18 (2(1)x3(7)) orthogonal array was selected to problem conveniently. Effects of control factors and their interactions on tool life were explained by three dimensional (3D) surface contour graphs. Types of tool wear were determined by observation of shown worn surfaces with a scanning electron microscope (SEM).