Synthesis and characterization of poly(urethane)/silver composites via in situ polymerization

Yagmur H. K., KAYA İ.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, vol.42, no.6, pp.2704-2716, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.26006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2704-2716
  • Keywords: composite, poly(ethylene glycol), poly(urethane), silver composites
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, poly(urethane)/silver (PU/Ag) composites were synthesized in dimethylformamide (DMF) with no essential extra reducing agents. The reaction medium DMF is acting as both a diluent and reducing agent for silver particles. Composites (PU/Ag) were synthesized by in situ polymerization in the existence of different amounts of silver nitrate. The formation of PU/Ag composites was approved by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) analyses, thermogravimetric analysis/differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), and differential scanning calorimetry. The conductivity measurements of PU and composites were done with the four-point probe technique using a Keithley 2400 electrometer. The conductivity values of the undoped PU, PU5, PU10, and PU20 were about 1.18 x 10(-7), 2.2 x 10(-6), 2.3 x 10(-7), and 1.25 x 10(-7) S cm(-1), respectively. The presence of silver particles was approved by UV-vis spectroscopy, EDX, and XRD. The formation of silver particles was determined by UV-Vis absorption spectra of the polymer matrix. According to TGA, it was observed that composites have higher thermal stability than polyurethane.