Environmental Impact of Mine Wastes: An Overview of Problems with Mining Sites in Turkey, Remediation Possibilities, and an Example from Turkey


International Conference on Environmental Geotechnology, Recycled Waste Material and Sustainable Engineering (EGRWSE), Jalandhar, India, 29 - 31 March 2018, vol.31, pp.63-72 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 31
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-981-13-7010-6_5
  • City: Jalandhar
  • Country: India
  • Page Numbers: pp.63-72
  • Keywords: Mine waste, Remediation, Environmental impact, Ecosystem, Photocapping, Immobilization of metals, HEAVY-METALS, ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION, SOILS, TAILINGS, PHYTOREMEDIATION, DRAINAGE, TOXICITY, SPAIN, RIVER, LAKE
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Mining activities which scar the landscape produce various types of wastes and tailings which have different kinds of adverse effects on the natural environment and these areas become sources of metal pollution. Due to incompatible and hard soil conditions in these areas, there is no plant cover. As in a variety of locations globally, there are areas in Turkey that have been affected by mining activities. Remediation of these types of areas is important to prevent AMD production and negative effects on the ecosystem. In this study the use of phytocapping and the electrokinetic (EK) method to ameliorate the environmental effects of mine tailing and abandoned mine areas was assessed. In addition to phytocapping being cost-effective and environmentally friendly, it is proposed as a good solution to improve these areas by controlling erosion, developing soil quality and ensuring immobilization of metals. The electrokinetic remediation method is an alternative technology to treat soil, water and sludge polluted with heavy metals. The sample study completed in Canakkale shows the EK method was effective in removing metals from the environment. The use of these two technologies together (EK and phytocapping) will contribute to the remediation process.