IV. International Eurasian Agriculture and Natural Sciences Congress, Konya, Turkey, 30 - 31 October 2020, pp.40
Honey bees are essential for agriculture in terms of pollination and human nutrition. Barley-specific Nikita and Sukkula retrotransposons were identified in honeybee for the first time as a result of our study. In this study, 33 Caucasian honeybees (Apis mellifera caucasica) were collected from three different colonies. Each colony consisted of a queen, five workers, and five larvae. Polymorphism was determined using Jaccard similarity index which relies on the presence or absence of the bands generated by IRAP marker. Both of two retrotransposons were found in all samples of all colonies. It was observed that Nikita retrotransposon (0-100%) was more active than Sukkula retrotransposon (0-67%). Moreover, comparison of polymorphism among queens, workers and larvae showed varying results. These findings could be expected to figure out the connections between retrotransposon movements and honey bee development.