APPLICATION OF MULTI CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS TO LEACHING PROCESS OF COPPER FROM MALACHITE ORE


Kursuncu B., Yaras A., Arslanoglu H.

SIGMA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND NATURAL SCIENCES-SIGMA MUHENDISLIK VE FEN BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.36, no.3, pp.783-794, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Title of Journal : SIGMA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND NATURAL SCIENCES-SIGMA MUHENDISLIK VE FEN BILIMLERI DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.783-794
  • Keywords: Leaching, malachite, ammonium nitrate, optimization, Taguchi, TOPSIS, MCDM, COMPLEX PROPORTIONAL ASSESSMENT, AMMONIUM-CHLORIDE SOLUTION, MATERIAL SELECTION, DISSOLUTION KINETICS, SURFACE-ROUGHNESS, TAGUCHI METHOD, PARAMETERS, OPTIMIZATION, VIKOR, WATER

Abstract

This study concerns with optimization of the leaching conditions of copper from malachite ore in the presence ammonium nitrate solution. In order to select the effective parameter from available dissolution process, all experiments were performed using L-25 orthogonal experimental design by Taguchi method and the temperature was found as a more effective parameter. Then multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) method was applied to experimental results and it was found that the process is in concordance with MCDM values. Based on the results, the highest copper extraction value (99.4%) was reached under optimum leaching conditions are as follows: time, 60 min; temperature, 75 degrees C; stirring speed, 450 rpm; concentration of leaching reagent, 4 mol/L and solid/liquid ratio, 8 g/mL. In conclusion, Taguchi and MCDM method can be used effectively for optimization of various hydrometallurgical processes.