20th Wonca Europe Conference 2015, İstanbul, Turkey, 22 - 25 October 2015, vol.19, pp.1601-1603
BACKGROUND: The growing taxi and bus driver workforce is at risk for poor health status, obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. AIM: to determine the relationship between working conditions and health status in taxi and bus drivers. METHOD: This study is a descriptive study. The population of the study was taxi and bus drivers in central of Canakkale. There were 164 taxi drivers and 150 bus drivers who registered in The Chamber of Canakkale Drivers and Vehicle. We reached the 70 (42.7%) taxi drivers and 93 (62.0%) bus drivers in the study. The participants were visited at their workplace. We performed the questionnaire that include the socio-demografic features, habits, disease history, the working conditions. We evaluated the blood pressure in both arms, waist-hip measurements and capillary blood glucose at any time. RESULTS: There were 70 (42.9%) taxi drivers and 93 (57.1%) bus drivers. All of them were men. The socio-demografic and descriptive features are shown at Table 1. Nine (12.9%) taxi drivers and 6 (6.5%) bus drivers were hipertensive, and 1 taxi driver and 2 bus driver with random capillary blood glucose levels higher than 200 mg. In this study, based on the ATP III criteria, the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrom was found 9.6%. Of the 8 (11.4%) taxi drivers and 8 (8.6%) bus drivers were met the criteria of ATP III. There was statistical significant between HT and income level (u=709.5; p=0.008). Metabolic Syndrome and working hours was statistical significant (u=750; p=0.015). There was statistical significant between obesity and age and history of chronic disease (u=2720;p=0.028 and u=2637; p=0.031). CONCLUSION: Drivers’ working condition is releated with Metabolic Syndrome, obesity and hypertension. All of them are the risk factors of cardiyovascular disease (CVD). These results may direct us to take precautions about their health status.
Keywords: drivers, working conditions, health status