In this experimental study some statistical calculations have been made to eliminate quality problems such as undesirable tolerance limits and out of circularity of spherodial cast iron parts during machining. X–Rcontrol charts have been constructed on the data obtained from this manufacturing to discover and correct assignable causes, so that the machine capability (Cp) and the process capability (Cpk) can be determined.
In order to compare design tolerance on working drawings and attained tolerances on workpieces after machining five mass production lines were set up in a medium sized company. The results obtained from five X–R control charts and the data gathered from all production lines were processed and evaluated. At this stage of the study, it was observed that some parts were oval and out of tolerance limits, machines and processes were insufficient and production was instable. Through machining data and follow up studies some assignable causes for faulty workpieces were discovered, and ovalness and out of tolerance limits problems were eliminated.
In addition to these developments, surface roughness of machined workpieces was improved.
All these activities show that in small or medium sized companies statistical quality control can be useful component of production provided that sufficient finance and qualified personal are utilized.