HA particles as resourceful cancer, steroidal and antibiotic drug delivery device with sustainable and multiple drug release capability


Sahiner N. , Suner S. S. , Kurt S. B. , Can M., Ayyala R. S.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10601325.2020.1832518
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY

Özet

Hyaluronic acid (HA) particles with divinyl sulfone (DVS) crosslinking at 10% mole ratio (HA macromolecule repeating units) were prepared and demonstrated as versatile drug carriers with sustainable and long-term release capabilities for cancer drugs, corticosteroid, and antibiotics. Two different methods were chosen in drug loading process; encapsulation for cancer drugs, 5-fluorouracil (5FU), mitomycin C (MMC), and doxorubicin (Dox), and dual drug conjugation for anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex) and antibiotic ciprofloxacin (Cipro) drugs, respectively. It was demonstrated that HA particles prepared during drug encapsulation were attained smaller sizes with 833 +/- 46, 867 +/- 50, 728 +/- 41 nm for 5FU, MMC, and Dox, respectively. Bare and drug loaded HA particles were shown to be blood compatible with the highest hemolytic ratio of 3.1 +/- 0.12% for HA-Dex-Cipro conjugates and fairly good blood clotting index with minimum 71.7 +/- 6.0% for MMC encapsulated HA particles. Drug release studies from HA particles indicated that depending on the types of cancer drugs, it is possible to gradually release the drug in long-term up to 300 h in linear fashions with the highest release of 9.34 +/- 2.25 mg/g for 5FU. Similarly, drug conjugated HA-Dex-Cipro particles were also showed linear dual drug release up to 100 h at physiological conditions, pH 7.4 and 37.5 degrees C.