Are the urology operating room personnel aware about the ionizing radiation?

Tok A., Akbas A., Aytan N., Aliskan T., Cicekbilek I., Kaba M., ...More

INTERNATIONAL BRAZ J UROL, vol.41, no.5, pp.982-989, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/s1677-5538.ibju.2014.0351
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.982-989
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes



We assessed and evaluated attitudes and knowledge regarding ionizing radiation of urology surgery room staff.


A questionnaire was sent by e-mail to urology surgery room personnel in Turkey, between June and August 2013. The questionnaire included demographic questions and questions regarding radiation exposure and protection.


In total, 127 questionnaires were answered. Of them, 62 (48.8%) were nurses, 51 (40.2%) were other personnel, and 14 (11%) were radiological technicians. In total, 113 (89%) participants had some knowledge of radiation, but only 56 (44.1%) had received specific education or training regarding the harmful effects of radiation. In total, 92 (72.4%) participants indicated that they used a lead apron and a thyroid shield. In the subgroup that had received education about the harmful effects of radiation, the use ratio for all protective procedures was 21.4% (n=12); this ratio was only 2.8% (n=2) for those with no specific training; the difference was statistically significant (p=0.004). Regarding dosimeters, the use rates were 100% for radiology technicians, 46.8% for nurses, and 31.4% for other hospital personnel; these differences were statistically significant (p<0.001). No significant relationship between working period in the surgery room, number of daily fluoroscopy procedures, education, task, and use of radiation protection measures was found.


It is clear that operating room-allied health personnel exposed to radiation do not have sufficient knowledge of ionizingradiation and they do not take sufficient protective measures.

Purpose: We assessed and evaluated attitudes and knowledge regarding ionizing radiation of urology surgery room staff.