Benthic Macroinvertebrates of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Turkey

Elipek B., Şen B., Aydın G. B., Taş Divrik M., Yıldırım P.

in: Tigris and Euphrates Rivers: Their Environment from Headwaters to Mouth, Aquatic Ecology Series 11, Laith A. Jawad, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Zug, pp.1539-1560, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Zug
  • Page Numbers: pp.1539-1560
  • Editors: Laith A. Jawad, Editor
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Tigris–Euphrates River Basin is one of the great river systems of south-western Asia. Tigris (Dicle) River and Euphrates (Fırat) River are born in Turkey and they follow roughly parallel courses from their sources to the upper part of the Persian Gulf. The Lake Hazar located in the southeast of Elazığ Province is the main source of the Tigris River while the Murat and Karasu streams originated in northeastern Turkey are major tributaries of the Euphrates. A total of ten dam lakes or reservoirs are located on Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Turkey. A lot of them are used to provide hydroelectric power besides recreational and fisheries purposes. In this chapter, benthic macroinvertebrate communities in this area reported at previous studies were submitted. In the present chapter, the findings/data obtained through previous studies carried out on benthic macroinvertebrate communities in the rivers and dam lakes present in the Tigris–Euphrates River Basin in Turkey are reviewed and evaluated. In addition,environmental effects on benthic macroinvertebrates and their role in the aquatic habitats of the two rivers are discussed in relation to their occurrence.