Neuropsychological performance and auditory event related potentials in schizophrenia patients and their siblings: A family study

Şevik A. E., ANIL YAĞCIOĞLU A. E., Yaǧcǧoǧlu S., KARAHAN S., Gürses N., Yildiz M.

Schizophrenia Research, vol.130, no.1-3, pp.195-202, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 130 Issue: 1-3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.schres.2011.04.018
  • Journal Name: Schizophrenia Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.195-202
  • Keywords: Cognitive functions, Family study, Mismatch negativity, P300, Schizophrenia
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


Background: Various neuropsychological domains, and P300 auditory event-related potentials (ERP) and mismatch negativity (MMN) exhibit abnormalities in schizophrenia patients and their first-degree relatives. The aims of this study were to compare cognitive and P300/MMN measurements in schizophrenia patients, their siblings, and controls, and to identify the degree of familial influence on each measure. Methods: Thirty patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV, 20 unaffected siblings and 25 healthy controls were able to complete all neuropsyhological and neurophysiological assessments. All participants were administered SCID-I and the patients were also evaluated regarding symptom severity and functioning. Neuropsychological battery testing results and P300/MMN measurements were obtained for all the participants. Results: Both schizophrenia patients and their siblings had lower working memory, as measured by the Auditory Consonant Trigram Test (ACT), and lower MMN amplitude scores than the controls. In addition, the patients had lower attention, verbal memory, executive function, visuomotor speed, and figural memory scores than both the siblings and controls, and lower verbal fluency scores than controls. MMN and P300 amplitudes were lower and P300 latency longer in the schizophrenia patients, as compared to controls. P300 latency was also longer in the schizophrenia patients as compared to siblings and, MMN amplitudes were significantly lower in the siblings compared to controls. Working memory performance measured by ACT significantly predicted inclusion in both the patient and sibling groups and showed significant familial influence. MMN amplitude significantly predicted inclusion only to the patient group and did not show significant familial influence. Conclusion: The schizophrenia patients exhibited impairment in various cognitive domains and P300/MMN measurements, versus impairment only in working memory and MMN amplitude in their siblings. Working memory seems to have a relatively strong familial influence among all the neuropsychological and neurophysiological parameters evaluated. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.