Smoking is the most important risk factor for many chronic diseases and preventable mortality causes. The prevalence of smoking should be known to understand the importance of the issue. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking in the province center of Trabzon. Data were obtained by both questionnaires and self-administered methods in February 1998. The study group consisted of 1545 person. Female to male ratio was 675/870. Daily smoking prevalence rates (at least one cigarette a day) among males and females were 59.1 and 24.9, respectively. Weekly smoking prevalence rates (at least one cigarette a week) among males and females were 2.4 and 2.8, respectively. Trying smoking rates among males and females were 15.9 and 23.1, respectively. Giving up smoking rates among males and females were 10.9 and 6.1, respectively. The rate of those who have never smoked was 38.8 in female, 10.8 in male. There was significant difference between the smoking prevalences of the males and females (P = 0.0000).