Effect of health anxiety on disease perception and treatment compliance in elderly patients during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey


ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRIC NURSING, vol.40, pp.84-90, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apnu.2022.05.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.84-90
  • Keywords: Elderly, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), Disease perception, Health anxiety, Treatment compliance, Nursing
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of health anxiety experienced by elderly individuals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on their disease perception and treatment compliance. Design and methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted between November 2020 and March 2021. The research data was collected using the Patient Information Form, Health Anxiety Scale (HAS), Disease Perception Scale-Short Form (DPS-SF) and Turkish Modified Morisky Treatment Compliance Scale (MMTCS). Results: Of the 401 study participants, 63.1% were in the 65-69 years age group. The mean HAS, DPS-SF and MMTCS motivation and knowledge level sub-dimension scores of the participants were 18.73 +/- 8.87, 54.24 +/- 9.98, 1.28 +/- 0.74 and 2.04 +/- 0.92, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the health anxiety and disease perception scores were high among elderly individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic, which hindered their treatment compliance.