Literature Review on The Use of Virtual Reality in Special Education: Current Situation and Opportunities

Demir Ü.

International Journal of Contemporary Approaches in Education, vol.1, no.1, pp.19-35, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


The development of many new technologies, especially virtual reality, provides opportunities for their effective use in education. The effective use of these technological developments in education can offer different opportunities for students and trainers: It is thought that with the increase of research and studies on the use of these opportunities, both social awareness and effective use of these tools have increased. In the current literature review, it has been observed that research on the use of virtual reality applications in special education are extremely limited. This research, carried out in this context, was carried out to reveal the current state of special education in our country and internationally in special education. In this study, the literature review, one of the descriptive research methods, was used. Within the scope of the research, it is aimed to reveal the problems experienced in Turkey and future studies by analysing the studies carried out for private education at the national and international levels. Although virtual reality can offer great opportunities for the academic and social development of students with its ability to appeal to many different senses, it was found in literature review that the software made for special education and the research conducted to determine the effectiveness level of this software were extremely limited. As a result, this study is expected to be a guide in the studies on the virtual reality use for special education.