Cervical Dysplasia Distress Questionnaire: Turkish validity and reliability study


Women and Health, vol.63, no.6, pp.405-413, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03630242.2023.2223670
  • Journal Name: Women and Health
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, AgeLine, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, PAIS International, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.405-413
  • Keywords: Cervical dysplasia, distress, reliability, validity
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish adaptation of the Cervical Dysplasia Distress Questionnaire (CDDQ) in women with abnormal Pap smear results. This validation study was conducted using a cross-sectional research design. A total of 115 patients who were being followed up in the obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinic of a university hospital due to an abnormal Pap smear test were included. In the study, the results of language and content validity, item analysis, exploratory, and confirmatory factor analyses, internal consistency coefficients, and concurrent and convergent validity were assessed in order to adapt the CDDQ to the Turkish language and culture and to determine its reliability and validity. It was determined that all factor loads of the scale ranged from 0.13 to 0.85. The exploratory variance was found to be 29.986 for the first subscale, 19.734 for the second subscale, 16.551 for the third subscale, and 66.271 for the overall scale. Cronbach’s alpha values for the tension during the examination, concerns about health consequences, and concerns about sexual consequences were 0.92, 0.91, and 0.87, respectively. The desired level of correlation was achieved between the CDDQ and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). In the study, the Turkish adaptation of the CDDQ was found to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess psychological distress in women with abnormal Pap smear results.