Sonolytic degradation of halogenated organic compounds in groundwater: Mass transfer effects


Ayyildiz O. , Peters R. W. , Anderson P. R.

ULTRASONICS SONOCHEMISTRY, cilt.14, ss.163-172, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2006.04.004
  • Dergi Adı: ULTRASONICS SONOCHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.163-172

Özet

Organic pollutants in liquid exposed to acoustic waves behave differently according to their physical and chemical properties. Laboratory batch experiments of sonication for the degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) and ethylene dibromide (EDB) were carried out in groundwater at 20 kHz, and 12.5 and 35 W/cm(2). A theoretical model for the batch sonication system was derived to examine the mass transfer dependency of the ultrasonic degradation. Experimental results were supported with model predictions suggesting that both liquid phase diffusion coefficient and Henry's law constant are important parameters for the sonolytic degradation of the halogenated organic compounds in groundwater. When compared with the effect of the diffusion coefficient, Henry's constant exerts a greater influence on sonolytic degradation. When Henry's constant exceeds a value of I (volume/volume ratio), however, it no longer has much influence on the degradation process. The results also suggest that degradation is enhanced with an increase in ultrasonic power probably due to a greater bubble residence time and the formation of larger bubble at high-energy intensities. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Organic pollutants in liquid exposed to acoustic waves behave differently according to their physical and chemical properties. Laboratory batch experiments of sonication for the degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) and ethylene dibromide (EDB) were carried out in groundwater at 20 kHz, and 12.5 and 35 W/cm2. A theoretical model for the batch sonication system was derived to examine the mass transfer dependency of the ultrasonic degradation. Experimental results were supported with model predictions suggesting that both liquid phase diffusion coefficient and Henry’s law constant are important parameters for the sonolytic degradation of the halogenated organic compounds in groundwater. When compared with the effect of the diffusion coefficient, Henry’s constant exerts a greater influence on sonolytic degradation. When Henry’s constant exceeds a value of 1 (volume/volume ratio), however, it no longer has much influence on the degradation process. The results also suggest that degradation is enhanced with an increase in ultrasonic power probably due to a greater bubble residence time and the formation of larger bubble at high-energy intensities.