Metal ion-imprinted hydrogel with magnetic properties and enhanced catalytic performances in hydrolysis of NaBH4 and NH3BH3

Seven F., ŞAHİNER N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.38, no.35, pp.15275-15284, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Metal ion-imprinted (IIH) poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propansulfonic acid) p(AMPS) hydrogels were prepared by using a free-radical polymerization technique in the presence of metal ions (M = Co (II) or Ni (II)). Using metal ion-imprinted hydrogels (IIHs), and non-metal ion-imprinted (NIH) hydrogels as template for the preparation of Co and Ni catalyst systems, the hydrolysis kinetics of NaBH4 and NH3BH3 were investigated. The catalytic performances of IIHs and NIHs were compared in terms of effect on hydrolysis kinetics of NaBH4 and NH3BH3. To increase the amounts of Co nanoparticles within p(AMPS) hydrogel for better catalytic activity, several reloading and reduction cycles of Co (II) ions were carried out, and the prepared p(AMPS)-Co composite catalyst systems were tested for hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of NaBH4. As the number of Co (II) loading and reduction cycles increased, the amount of metal catalysts and the catalytic performance of composites increased. Kinetics studies were carried out on three times Co (II) ion loaded and reduced p(AMPS)-Co catalyst systems (containing 36.80 mg/g Co). Three time Co (II)-loaded catalyst systems provided very fast hydrolysis kinetics for NaBH4, and provided magnetic field responsive behavior. The hydrolysis reaction of NaBH4 was completed within 50 s, under the described conditions at 60 degrees C. It was demonstrated that the synthesized catalyst systems can be used ten times repetitively without significant loss of catalytic activity (86.5%). Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.