New Impedimetric Sandwich Immunosensor for Ultrasensitive and Highly Specific Detection of Spike Receptor Binding Domain Protein of SARS-CoV-2


Aydin E. B. , Aydin M., SEZGİNTÜRK M. K.

ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, vol.7, no.8, pp.3874-3885, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c00580
  • Title of Journal : ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.3874-3885
  • Keywords: spike receptor binding domain, conducting nanocomposite, impedimetric analysis, single-use electrode, CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS, BIOSENSOR, DIAGNOSIS, GRAPHENE, LAYER

Abstract

An impedance sensing platform-combined conducting nanocomposite layer was fabricated to develop an effective and rapid method for detection of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) specific spike receptor binding domain (RBD) protein, a precious antigen marker of COVID-19 disease. Coronavirus infection has spread globally and swiftly with major impacts on health, economy, and quality of life of communities. Fast and reliable detection of COVID-19 is a very significant issue for the effective treatment of this bad illness. For this aim, first, an Epoxy functional group-substituted thiophene monomer was synthesized and electrodeposited on a single-use indium tin oxide (ITO) platform in the presence of acetylene black by employing a cyclic voltammetry technique; thus, a conducting nanocomposite (C-NC) layer with high conductivity was obtained. This composite was electrodeposited for the first time on the ITO surface to generate a facile and cost-effective impedimetric biosensor. In addition, this composite provided proper attachment points for antibody binding and also supported the biosensor construction. The immuno-specific biointeractions between anti-RBD and RBD proteins hampered the electron transfer between the ITO substrate surface and electrolyte, and this reaction caused variations in impedance signals, and these signals were proportional to the immobilized RBD antigen amounts. The as-prepared immunosensor showed a wide linear dynamic range (0.0012-120 pg/mL), an ultra-low detection limit of 0.58 fg/mL with added superiorities of great selectivity, suitable repeatability, multiple reusability, and excellent reproducibility.