Professional competences to teach English at primary schools in Turkey: a Delphi study


EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TEACHER EDUCATION, vol.41, no.4, pp.549-565, 2018 (SSCI) identifier identifier


This research aimed to uncover the teacher competences that are necessary to provide age-appropriate English language teaching to primary school students in Turkey. The Delphi technique was implemented to propose a list of competences created through consensus among a panel of experts that consisted of 15 teachers and 16 teacher educators. The data were collected by administering three questionnaires in three rounds. Central tendency and consensus were measured through median and inter-quartile range, respectively. The findings led to a list of 29 teacher competences which were categorised into five groups: theoretical and practical knowledge', knowing the young learner', planning and organising teaching', managing teaching', and competence in English'. Implications were made for improving the effectiveness of English language teaching to young learners: these included the design of pre-service and in-service teacher education programmes to equip teachers with the necessary skills and knowledge to teach English to young learners.