Essential oils of Phlomis leucophracta, Phlomis chimerae and Phlomis grandiflora var. grandiflora from Turkey

Celik S., Gokturk R., Flamini G., Cioni P., Morelli I.

BIOCHEMICAL SYSTEMATICS AND ECOLOGY, vol.33, no.6, pp.617-623, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bse.2004.11.010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.617-623
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


The essential oils of three species of Phlomis from Turkey, Phlomis leueophracta, Phlomis chimerae and Phlomis grandiflora var. grandiflora have been studied. The main constituents of P. leucophracta essential oil were beta-caryophyllene (20.2%), alpha-pinene (19.2%) and limonene (11.0%). This species also contained three diterpene derivatives, 15-isopimaradiene, manoyl oxide and epi-13-manoyl oxide that summed 1.4%. In P. chimerae the principal compounds were beta-caryophyllene (31.6%), alpha-pinene (11.0%), germacrene D (6.1%), limonene (5.5%) and linalool (4.7%). In P. grand flora var. grand flora, germacrene D (45.4%), beta-caryophyllene (22.8%) and bicyclogermacrene (4.9%) were among the principal derivatives. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.