Epidemiological survey and MSPSS Scores of 260 suicide attempters presenting to two emergency departments in Turkey

Cevik Y., KELLECİ M., Golbasi Z., Caykoylu A., Das M.

HONG KONG JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, vol.18, no.6, pp.412-420, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.412-420
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological characteristics of suicide attempt cases who were admitted to the emergency departments and to determine their level of social support and related factors by using multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS). Methods: This study was conducted simultaneously in two different centres between February 23 and June 31, 2009. Totally 260 suicidal cases who were admitted to the emergency departments were included in the study after obtaining the consents. Related derived data were collected with a questionnaire. The questionnaire determined epidemiological characteristics of suicide attempters by using MSPSS derived data. The data were analysed with percentage, mean, t test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test. Results: About 70% of all cases were female and 63.1% of them were between 16 and 25 years of age. The main causes leading to suicide attempts were family problems (41.9%), financial problems (11.2%), and peer suicide attempts (5.4%). Drug use was the most common suicide method both in males and females. The MSPSS score was 52.47 +/- 17.81 (mean +/- SD, range=12-84). While being a member of a broken family, being widow/divorced, previously diagnosed mental disorder affected social support scores negatively, being a student or having a high level of education affected scores positively. Conclusion: Family problems, financial problems, 16-25 age group, female sex, being divorced/widowed, being a member of broken family, chronic physical and psychological problems, and lower level of perceived social support are main characteristics associated with suicide attempts. (Hong Kong j.emerg.med. 2011;18:412-420)