Two Neglected Biologic Risk Factors in Bone Grafting and Implantology: High Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Low Serum Vitamin D


CHOUKROUN J., Khoury G., KHOURY F., RUSSE P., Testori T., KOMIYAMA Y., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY, cilt.40, ss.110-114, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 40 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1563/aaid-joi-d-13-00062
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.110-114

Özet

Following a failure of a bone graft or an implant placement, the hypothesis of a biological abnormality is rarely considered as a possible cause. A systematic search of peer-reviewed literature for dyslipidemia or vitamin D deficiency may explain this lack of consideration. Excess low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (dyslipidemia) is responsible for a slower bone metabolism or lower dental implant osseointegration. In addition, vitamin D is a key factor for linking innate and adaptive immunity. Both of these factors are compromised under the conditions of vitamin D deficiency. Therefore, vitamin D deficiency slows implant osseointegration and increases the risk of graft infection. Vitamin D is also involved in immune function and therefore allergic reactions.