Spatial information of soil hydraulic conductivity and performance of cokriging over kriging in a semi-arid basin scale

Basaran M., Erpul G., Ozcan A. U., Saygin D. S., Kibar M., Bayramin I., ...More

ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, vol.63, no.4, pp.827-838, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12665-010-0753-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.827-838
  • Keywords: Water-stable aggregates, Soil hydraulic conductivity, Kriging, Cokriging, Basin scale
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


Unlike the studies in small parcels by systematic measurements, the spatial variability of soil properties is expected to increase in those over relatively large areas or scales. Spatial variability of soil hydraulic conductivity (K (h)) is of significance for the environmental processes, such as soil erosion, plant growth, transport of the plant nutrients in a soil profile and ground water levels. However, its variability is not much and sufficiently known at basin scale. A study of testing the performance of cokriging of K (h) compared with that of kriging was conducted in the catchment area of Saraykoy II Irrigation Dam in CankA +/- rA +/-, Turkey. A total of 300 soil surface samples (0-10 cm) were collected from the catchment with irregular intervals. Of the selected soil properties, because the water-stable aggregates (WSA) indicated the highest relationship with the hydraulic conductivity by the Pearson correlation analysis, it is used as an auxiliary variable to predict K (h) by the cokriging procedure. In addition, the sampling density was reduced randomly to n = 175, n = 150, n = 75 and n = 50 for K (h) to determine if the superiority of cokriging over kriging would exist. Statistically, the results showed that all reduced K (h) was as good as the complete K (h) when its auxiliary relations with WSA were used in cokriging. Particularly, the results of the "Relative Reduction in MSE" (RMSE) revealed that the reduced data set of n = 75 produced the most accurate map than the others. In this basin-scaled study, there was a clear superiority of the cokriging procedure by the reduction in data although a very undulating topography and topographically different aspects, two different land uses with non-uniform vegetation density, different parent materials and soil textures were present in the area. Hence, using the statistically significant auxiliary relationship between K (h) and WSA might bring about a very useful data set for watershed hydrological researches.