Separation techniques: Chromatography


Çoşkun Ö.

NORTHERN CLINICS OF ISTANBUL, vol.3, pp.156-160, 2016 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/nci.2016.32757
  • Title of Journal : NORTHERN CLINICS OF ISTANBUL
  • Page Numbers: pp.156-160
  • Keywords: Chromatography, column chromatography, protein purification, AFFINITY-CHROMATOGRAPHY, ENZYME-PURIFICATION, PROTEINS, ELUTION

Abstract

Chromatography is an important biophysical technique that enables the separation, identification, and purification of the components of a mixture for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Proteins can be purified based on characteristics such as size and shape, total charge, hydrophobic groups present on the surface, and binding capacity with the stationary phase. Four separation techniques based on molecular characteristics and interaction type use mechanisms of ion exchange, surface adsorption, partition, and size exclusion. Other chromatography techniques are based on the stationary bed, including column, thin layer, and paper chromatography. Column chromatography is one of the most common methods of protein purification.