Assessing institutionalization of educational reforms

Aypay A., Kalayci S. S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, vol.28, no.6, pp.723-736, 2008 (SSCI) identifier identifier


This study aims to assess the institutionalization of a major reform in the faculties of education in Turkey in the 1990s. A survey was administered to faculty members in eight faculties of education in the academic year 2005-2006. Factor analysis, t-tests and ANOVAs, and OLS regressions were used. Findings indicate that the most problematic area of re-structuring was "program change" caused by coercive pressures. The study concludes that institutionalization of the restructuring has not yet been fully achieved, and an alternative re-structuring process is proposed. All three types of pressures were related and they influence one another. Normative pressures were found to be more powerful in this type of re-structuring process. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.