Adherence To Medıterranean Dıet And Lıpıd Parameters Among People Wıth Medıterranean Type Nutrıtıonal Habıts, Int J Health Nutr


HIZ M. M. , AKI C.

Uluslararası 2. Helal ve Sağlıklı Gıda kongresi, Konya, Turkey, 7 - 10 November 2013, vol.4, no.3, pp.60

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 4
  • City: Konya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.60
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet is a life style that common in the Aegean and Mediterranean region of Turkey with significant health benefits such as lower risk of heart disease and hypertension. The protective effects of Mediterranean diet comes from its high content of monounsaturated 
fatty acids that reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, while possibly increasing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The aim of that study to investigate compliance of blood lipid parameters with the Mediterranean diet in healthy individuals.
Subjects of the study were 125 healthy individuals ranging in age from 20 to 82 habitually subsisting on a "Mediterranean type" diet in Çanakkale. The venous blood sample was obtained from the subjects and then the blood was first coagulated and then the serum was isolated 
for routine biochemical tests. The levels of total cholesterol, LDL and VLDL cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were measured. 
The results were compared with reference lipid ranges for blood tests.
The average triglyceride level were found 116,68± 66.43 mg/dL (min/max: 35/ 423 mg/dL). Furthermore, the evaluation of triglyceride level were 69.6% (n=87) desirable, 19.2% (n=24) borderline high and 11.2% (n=14) high. The average serum concentrations of total cholesterol were found 188,70±33.78 mg/dL (max:min 293:102) and the distribution were 65.6%(n=82) desirable, 27.2(n=27) borderline high and 7.2% (n=14) high. In the present study, the average serum HDL, LDL and VLDL values were 51.20 ± 17, 116 ± 5.28 and 23.26 ±13:34 respectively.
Consumption of a Mediterranean diet, with a high level of monounsaturated fats provided by the olive oil ensure to reduction of stroke and atherosclerosis. The results of the study confirm the Mediterranean diet increases HDL plasma levels yet low density lipoprotein cholesterol 
and triglyceride levels remained unmodified. Data from this study provide evidence to recommend Mediterranean cousine as a useful tool against cardiovascular disease.