Lichen samples (Cladonia rangiformis) were collected at 10 different sampling sites to determine distribution patterns and concentrations of Al, Ba, Ca, Co, Fe, X, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, and Ti in lichen at the vicinity of Canakkale. Microwave digestion system was used for mineralization of lichen samples. The concentrations of elements were determined using ICP-OES and the map of spatial distribution of each element's was plotted. Results showed that the distribution patterns of Al, Fe, Ti, Co, and Li were similar in the study area. The highest concentrations of these five elements were determined in Balikesir-Balya region. The distribution of Na, Mg, Ca, and Sr were also similar, and the maximum concentrations of these elements were determined near the sea shore sampling stations.