Formation of the Vilsmeier-Haack complex: the performance of different levels of theory

Ozpinar G., Kaufmann D. E., Clark T.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MODELING, vol.17, no.12, pp.3209-3217, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00894-010-0941-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3209-3217
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


Because of discrepancies in the available experimental data, an extensive theoretical investigation of the formation of the Vilsmeier-Haack (VH) complex has been carried out. The barriers to complex formation calculated using eight different density functional methods (BLYP, B2-PLYP, B3LYP, B3PW91, MPW1K, M06-2X, and PBE1PBE), MP2, and extrapolation techniques (CBS-QB3, G3B3) with several basis sets (6 -aEuro parts per thousand 31 + G**, 6 -aEuro parts per thousand 311++G**, 6 -aEuro parts per thousand 311 + (3df,2p), aug-cc-pVDZ, and aug-cc-pVTZ) were compared with experimental data. For the overall reaction, MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ and M06-2X/6-31 + G(d,p) perform best compared to the CBS techniques. The results help clarify some open mechanistic questions.