THE IMPORTANCE OF BIOAEROSOLS IN HOSPITAL INDOOR AIR FOR HEALTH


Özcan Ateş G.

Van Yüzüncü Yıl University 2nd International Health Sciences Congress , Van, Turkey, 18 - 19 December 2023, vol.1, no.1, pp.111

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Van
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.111
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Aim: Bioaerosols are a particulate matter of biological origin consisting of microorganisms and their metabolites (toxins and particulate waste products). Bioaerosols, in general, have been associated with many adverse health effects, and the World Health Organization published guidance on this topic in 2009. Exposure to bioaerosols exceeding maximum acceptable levels: It has been reported that it can lead to infectious diseases, including nosocomial infections, non-communicable diseases or health-related problems, acute toxic effects, cancer and even death, especially in immunocompromised individuals. For this reason, indoor air quality has become one of the important issues in terms of both public health and occupational diseases. Conclusion: The presence and load of bioaerosols in the indoor air in hospitals are also of special importance. Various infectious microorganisms are found in hospital indoor air, can cause infection at different levels, and are considered the source of nosocomial infections. Nosocomial infections cause prolonged treatment of patients, increased hospital stays, and antibiotic resistance, an important problem today. Therefore, it causes significant health and economic problems for patients and administrative management. The number and diversity of bioaerosols in hospital indoor air are affected and caused by many factors, such as people (healthcare workers, patients, companions, visitors), hospital-related features (hospital room design, service type, ventilation type, temperature, humidity, airflow and disinfection process) and outdoor air. Determining and controlling indoor air quality is not easy. Therefore, it is important to have information about the density and prevalence of microorganisms in indoor air in hospitals and to understand the types of infections and allergies caused by bioaerosols. Estimating bioaerosols in a hospital's air can also indicate whether such environments are dirty or clean, that is, the effectiveness of different disinfection processes in hospitals. In conclusion, awareness is needed due to the importance of health risks to patients and medical staff from exposure to bioaerosols in the hospital.