Recent Developments on Aroma Biochemistry in Fresh Fruits

Şeker M., Gündoğdu M. A., Ekinci N., Gür E.

International Journal of innovative Approaches in Science Research, vol.5, no.2, pp.84-103, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


For fresh fruits to be consumed and relished, they have to stimulate the senses of taste and smell as well as have good visual

properties. In terms of the consumption of a fruit, its aroma, which constitutes the taste and odor elements, is of major importance.

Therefore, the wish of consumers to eat fresh fruits is largely due to their rich aroma. The components of aroma that are found in

fruits, in very low concentrations, such as ppm or ppb, can easily be perceived sensorially. Flavor, usually composed of volatile

compounds, is an important criterion that enhances the appeal of fresh fruits. The aroma in fruits is composed of dozens of

compounds in different concentrations. Many researchers have reported that the components of fruit aroma are caused by

aldehydes, esters, alcohols, lactones, ketones, terpenoids, and other chemical compounds. The features that make these volatile

compounds significant and unite them at a common point are that, even in trace amounts, they are perceived by the senses, and

play an extremely effective role on the quality of the fruit. Aroma formation and development takes place in fresh fruits under

highly dynamic processes. In this review, aroma biochemistry in fresh fruits and the factors affecting this dynamic process are