Evaluation of different ozonation on aflatoxin degradation and physicochemical characteristics of hazelnuts


Atakan O., CANER C.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfpp.15276
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database

Abstract

Hazelnut contaminated with aflatoxin (5, 10, 25, and 50 ppb) were treated ozone at three different doses and two exposure times (5, 10, and 20 ppm for 10 and 20 min) on aflatoxin degradation. The highest peroxide value was reached (12.89 meqO(2)/kg) 20 ppm/20 min, and the lowest was 5 ppm/20 min (3.20 meqO(2)/kg). The reductions of alpha-tocopherol were 15.38%-28.87%, when control 19.14%, and the highest reduction were ozone concentration had adverse effect on alpha-tocopherol (24.96% 20 ppm/10 min), 28.87% (20 ppm/20 min). Ozonation was not lead to significant changes in color (L*, a*, and b*) and textures. Decrease in aflatoxin B1(AFB(1)) contents was dependent on increasing ozone concentration, the highest degradation for AFB(1)(38.96%) and total aflatoxins(31.35%) were obtained with use of 20 ppm/20 min ozonation. At 5 mu g/kg contaminated group, the AFB(1) reduction rate was 19.88% for 5.min and 32.23% for 20 min. Ozonation, especially 5 ppm is innovative for reducing aflatoxin, while maintaining the quality.