Optimization of pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis conditions of tomato pomace for production of alcohols and esters by Kluyveromyces marxianus


Kilmanoglu H., İŞLETEN HOŞOĞLU M., GÜNEŞER O., YÜCEER Y.

LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.138, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 138
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.lwt.2020.110728
  • Dergi Adı: LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Özet

Tomato pomace (TP) is generated as a natural by product in a significant amount in the tomato processing industry, and it is a good source of lignocelluloses to produce some high-value products from fermentable sugars (FS). The present study was performed to produce FS by using either ultrasound-assisted dilute acid (UADA) or heat-treated dilute acid (HTDA) pretreatments of TP followed by enzymatic hydrolysis (EH). When HTDA and UADA were compared in terms of FS (g/L) concentration, HTDA pretreatment generally produced more FS content than UADA. The optimum conditions for HTDA pretreatment were the application of 2.5% H2SO4, 10% (w/v) solution of TP, and heating at 121 degrees C for 6 min, which yielded 31 g/L FS concentration. Beside the optimized conditions for EH of HTDA, pretreated TP required 1.5% of enzyme concentration and 6 h of hydrolysis time. In conclusion, the most abundant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by K. marxianus in final tomato pomace hydrolysate (TPH) were isoamyl alcohol, phenyl ethyl alcohol, ethyl acetate and phenyl ethyl acetate in a 5-L bioreactor. Nine descriptive sensory terms were developed to characterize fermented TPH. The rose and sweet floral aromas were defined as aroma characteristics for TPH fermented by K. marxianus.