Assessment of light intensity and salinity regimes on the element levels of brown macroalgae, Treptacantha barbata: Application of response surface methodology (RSM)


AK İ., Cankiriligil E. C., TÜRKER G., Sever O.

FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.41, no.4, pp.944-952, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/fst.25220
  • Journal Name: FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.944-952
  • Keywords: Brown algae, salinity, light intensity, seaweed, Cystoseira barbata, II IONS, ALGAE, CYSTOSEIRA, BIOSORPTION, SEAWEED, PHOTOSYNTHESIS, ACCUMULATION, OPTIMIZATION, SELENIUM, MERCURY
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this research, the effect of light intensity and salinity regimes on the element levels of Treptacantha barbata (formerly Cystoseira barbata) was studied, and the elemental compositions of this brown alga collected from wild stocks also compared with cultured ones. In culture trials, 11 different experiments that have ranges of light intensity as 50 to 150 mu mol photon m(-2) s(-1) and salinity as 24 parts per thousand to 42 parts per thousand were designed according to response surface methodology (RSM). Our results show that the element accumulation with changes of light intensity and salinity on the T. barbata was modeled. Most of the elements were affected by the salinity instead of light intensity. All macro and microelements were detected within the recommended dosages and exposure limits. In toxic elements, the least accumulations of Al, As, Cd, and Pb were observed in low light and salinity. Also, the levels of all toxic elements, including trace elements that exceed limits, can be reduced with using these models. The most effective experiment was found as 52.0001 mu mol photon m(-2) s(-1) light and 24.086 parts per thousand salinity for minimized toxic element accumulation on T. barbata with 0.869 desirability.