The aim of this research is to examine the mediating role of organizational commitment in the relationship between strategic human resource management and individual performance. For this purpose, data were collected from SME businesses operating in Aksaray through convenience sampling method in the period covering February-March 2019. The questionnaire prepared to collect data consists of four parts. The first part of the questionnaire includes questions about the demographic characteristics of the survey participants. The second part of the questionnaire is about the strategic human resources management scale. In thesecond part of the questionnaire, a scale consisting of 9 statements, which was developed by Huselid (1995) and rearranged byBatram et al. (2007), was used. For the organizational commitment scale in the third part of the questionnaire, the scale consisting of 7 statements developed by Katsikea et al. (2011) was used. For the individual performance scale in the last part of the questionnaire, a scale consisting of 6 statements developed by Green et al. (2006) was used. The collected data were analyzedwith the help of SPSS and SmartPLS statistics program, and the data were analyzed by frequency, reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. According to the results of this study, it was determined thatorganizational commitment has a full mediating role in the relationship between strategic human resources management and individual performance. As strategic human resources management increases the organizational commitment of the employees, it has been concluded that it also positively affects their individual performance.