This phenomenological study explored the nature of the self-efficacy phenomenon as experienced by three teachers of Turkish as a Foreign Language (TFL). A transcendental phenomenological inquiry design was used to explore the meaning ascribed to self-efficacy by teachers. Data were collected through one-on-one interviews. The data were analyzed in accordance with the guidelines of Moustakas' phenomenological approach. Seven main themes emerged from the lived experiences of teachers regarding their perceptions of the self-efficacy. The findings of the study indicated that teacher self-efficacy could also be conceptualized in an alternative framework as a socio-cultural, relational, emotional, social psychological and moral accomplishment.