INFLUENCE OF SUPERCRITICAL CARBON DIOXIDE AND METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF ROSEMARY ON OXIDATION AND SENSORY PROPERTIES OF WHEAT GERM OIL


Yesil-Celiktas O., Isleten M., Karagul-Yuceer Y. , Bedir E., Vardar-Sukan F.

JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY, cilt.32, ss.709-724, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 32 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1745-4557.2009.00282.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.709-724

Özet

Both supercritical CO(2) and methanolic extracts from the leaves of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) harvested from three different locations of Turkey at four different times of the year were added at a concentration of 100 mg/kg to wheat germ oil. Wheat germ oil samples were stored in an incubator for 10 days at 50C in order to promote oxidation and for the efficacy of the extracts for stabilization purposes to be examined. Degree of oxidation was determined by peroxide and p-anisidine values, which were performed every 2 days. Extracts from Mersin and Canakkale regions performed better results. Additionally, June and September harvests had lower peroxide values. According to the descriptive sensory analysis, both locations and extraction methods were found to effect flavor. Some flavor attributes, such as wheatlike/starchy, fishy and rubbery/metallic changed during storage regardless of locations and extraction methods. Supercritical CO(2) extracts performed better results in terms of both oxidation and sensory properties.