The effect of repetition- and scenario-based repetition strategies on anatomy course achievement, classroom engagement and online learning attitude

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Çan M. A., Toraman Ç.

BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION, vol.22, no.1, pp.1-14, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s12909-022-03564-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


AbstractAnatomy is known to be the oldest and most fundamental branch among medical sciences. That is the reason why it is given at the beginning of medical education to form the basis for other medical sciences. Students who newly begin medical education need to spare plenty of time outside the course hours to study Anatomy which involves different and a lot of terminology. In this study, online repetitions were done outside the class using the repetition (classical presentation) and scenario-based repetition methods and the knowledge levels, course engagement statuses and online learning attitudes of the students were compared quantitatively and qualitatively between the groups.The study was conducted with 162 medical school year 2 students. These 162 students were randomized to experimental and control groups. The data were obtained with “Anatomy Achievement Test (AAT)”, “Classroom Engagement Inventory (CEI)” and “Medical School Students’ Attitudes Towards Online Learning Scale (MSSATOLS)”. After administering the experimental procedure to the students who were randomized to the experimental and control groups, focus group interviews were held with 16 students from the experimental group, 8 who received the highest scores and 8 who received the lowest scores from the data collecting instruments. The collected research data determined that the affective engagement (AE) and the anatomy achievement test (AAT) performed pre- and post-study were higher in the group in which the scenario-based repetition strategy was applied. AAT pre-test (mean = 27.16) and post-test (mean = 27.15) scores of the repetition group were very close to each other. However, the AAT post-test (mean = 32.33) average of the scenario-based repetition group was above the mean pre-test scores (mean = 26.79) (p < .05). Similarly, the mean AE pre-test (mean = 17.79) and post-test (mean = 17.91) scores of only the repetition group were very close to one another. However, the AE post-test (mean = 19.46) mean score of the scenario-based repetition group was above the mean pre-test score (mean = 17.82) (p < .05). In summary, pre-test and post-test scores changed the anatomy achievement and affective engagement scores, and this change was in favour of experimental group and increasing the post-test scores.The responses given to the questions in the scales and the impressions obtained from qualitative interviews indicated that the students did not find adequate the lectures given in the form of presentations alone and thought that various methods and primarily scenario-based education should be used as part of anatomy education to be able to establish a good connection with clinical sciences and Anatomy education should be provided not only at the beginning of the medical education but also in the following years.