Characterization of aroma-active compounds, sensory properties, and proteolysis in Ezine cheese


YÜCEER Y. , TUNCEL B., GUNESER O. , ENGIN B., ISLETEN M., YASAR K. , ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, cilt.92, ss.4146-4157, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 92 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3168/jds.2009-2124
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.4146-4157

Özet

Ezine cheese is a white pickled cheese ripened in tin-plate containers for at least 8 mo. A mixture of milk from goat, sheep, and cow is used to make Ezine cheese. Ezine cheese has geographical indication status. The purposes of this study were to determine and compare the changes in basic composition, aroma, and sensory characteristics, and proteolytic activity of Ezine cheese stored in tinplate containers and plastic vacuum packages during storage. Aroma-active compounds were determined by thermal desorption gas chromatography olfactometry. To evaluate the proteolytic activity, casein and nitrogen fractions were determined. The results indicated that compounds identified at high intensities were dimethyl sulfide, ethyl butyrate, hexanal, ethyl pentanoate, (Z)-4-heptenal, 1-octen-3-one, acetic acid, butyric acid, and p-cresol. Characteristic descriptive terms were cooked, whey, creamy, animal-like, sour, and salty. The level of proteolysis increased in Ezine cheese during storage. Ezine cheese can be ripened in small-size packaging after 3 mo of storage. Approximately 6 mo is sufficient to produce the characteristic properties of Ezine cheese.